Known as the city of Buenos Aires, the microcenter is not really a neighborhood of the city but rather there are two: San Nicolás, Monserrat. All this is an area of office buildings and financial activity, such as banks and the Buenos Aires Stock Exchange, as well as several government buildings. Many of its narrow streets have become pedestrian or semi-pedestrian and due to new traffic restrictions private cars can no longer enter many of its interior streets.
Among the must-sees in the neighborhood are the Plaza de Mayo, the pink house and the town hall; the pedestrians of Florida and Lavalle; the apple of the lights, the tortoni coffee and the Avenida de Mayo, among others.
This pedestrian street is also one of the main commercial streets of the city, one of the oldest streets in all of Buenos Aires. In its early years, this was a street full of large mansions, where the Argentine aristocracy lived, but over the years, the street was taking on a much more commercial identity, with the installation of apothecaries, furniture stores, jewelry stores and shops European fashion
In the early years of the twentieth century, large department stores, such as Harrods and large commercial galleries such as the Güemes Gallery or the Pacific Galleries, were installed on Florida Street, which today survives converted into an elegant shopping center.
As we travel through Florida Street today, we will see an endless number of hurried office workers coming and going, dodging curious tourists and the ever-present “trees” at full speed, which is how they are colloquially referred to here as money changers.
This square located in downtown Buenos Aires, was from the first days of the founding of the city until today, the epicenter of the political and social history of Argentina. It was in this square where the May revolution formed in 1810 that concluded with the independence of the country. Here on October 17, 1945, hundreds of thousands of workers gathered to listen to General Perón, this is also the same place thousands of Argentines first mobilized against the military dictatorship in 1982 and days later to celebrate the recovery of the Falklands. Also during the crisis of 2001, this square was the epicenter of the protests demanding changes in the government, causing the resignation of the president, without doubt one of the corners with more live history of the city.
On its sides is the Casa Rosada, the headquarters of the executive branch and the office of the president; The town hall of Buenos Aires, the former seat of colonial power; The Metropolitan Cathedral; The municipal government headquarters, as well as different banks and government offices.
This elegant avenue that runs from the Plaza de Mayo to the congress square, is usually compared for its architecture and idiosyncrasy with the Gran Vía in Madrid. Since its inauguration in 1894, this avenue became the great stage of Buenos Aires public life and its art nouveau, neoclassical and eclectic buildings constituted the magnificent reception framework for illustrious foreign visitors. Here we will find several notable bars, among which stand out the famous Café Tortoni, a gastronomic legend of the city.
By connecting the congress or the Argentine Nation with the Casa Rosada, headquarters of the executive branch, it is the obligatory route of the elected presidents of the Nation on the days of the assumptions, and also a route chosen by the protesters in the busy marches against the current government.