San Telmo, a neighborhood with a very tango spirit that you undoubtedly have to visit. This was originally a neighborhood of opulence and wealth, but after an epidemic of yellow fever in 1871, all the rich literally left the neighborhood to move further north and the neighborhood fell into oblivion. Immigrants who arrived in the city were inhabiting the old mansions and turned them into tenement houses (large houses with rooms for temporary rent) and soon the neighborhood was adopting its new idiosyncrasy.
Do not forget to visit the old San Telmo Market; Dorrego Square; the Minimum House, the narrowest house in the city; some of its small churches, which are the oldest in the city; the antiquarians and businesses on Defense Street; The National Historical Museum located in the Lezama Park, where you will also find a Russian Orthodox church.
The stable of the Lights is a historical site surrounded by the streets Bolivar, Moreno, Alsina, Julio A. Roca Avenue (Diagonal Sur) and Peru. The same “stable” where there are different buildings and institutions that were part of the history of the city since colonial times. Here we will see the National College of Buenos Aires, the Church of San Ignacio, the old building of the University of Buenos Aires and other historic buildings.
Here, part of the ancient network of secret tunnels built in the 18th century by Jesuit priests is also preserved. These tunnels created initially for the defense of the nascent city, were then used for smuggling and until well into the twentieth century they were lost under the streets of the city. Today you can visit as part of the guided tours that take place in the block of lights, where we will learn more about the history and the colonial past of the city.
Located in the heart of the San Telmo neighborhood, this small square that occupies a quarter of the block was the historic site where the people of Buenos Aires adhered to the Declaration of Independence of Argentina. Currently there is a small fair of artisans and antique objects, in addition to several cafes and restaurants that put their tables and chairs there. It is also very common to see tango dancers and couples here offering their show to visitors in exchange for applause and tips.
South of Plaza Dorrego and passing the elevated highway is Parque Lezama, a large green lung in the south of the city. An irregularly wooded park that stands out for its great amphitheater and for hosting the National Historical Museum, the place where the most important objects in Argentine history are stored.
This park is different from any other in the city because it has a rather rugged topography, since it is located on one of the old ravines that marked the old one, down to the river. Opposite one of the sides of the park is the Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, the main religious temple of this type in Latin America.