Located on the ruins of the former headquarters of the SS Security Service and the private offices of the fearsome Heinrich Himmler. This modern Berlin museum shows us a complete collection where terrorism applied by National Socialism in Germany is treated.
The public museum is completely free and you can access a complete digital audio guide, which is available in several languages and tells us in detail the history of each photograph, placing us in the historical context. What makes it a virtually obligatory museum to understand the history of the Nazimos.
On the outside of the museum you can see the archaeological remains of the former prisoner cells of the gestapo, where opponents of the Nazi regime were held, tortured and interrogated. In addition, the original remains of the wall of the famous Berlin are exposed here, which passed right through the front of the current museum.
Across the street from the Museum of Topography of Terror, we find one of the few large Nazi era buildings that are still standing: the former Luftwaffe headquarters, the German air force.
Its construction began in 1935 with the idea of housing inside the Reich Ministry of Air. Its colossal size makes it one of the main exponents of Nazi Architecture, which was marked by monumentalism. Curiously despite its central location, this building was virtually unharmed by the Allied bombings on Berlin during the war, a fact that aroused conspiracy theories.
During the time of the German Democratic Republic the building was known as Haus der Ministerien, the House of Ministries and after the German reunification, it houses inside the current German finance ministry.
The Führerbunker, Hitler’s personal bunker and the top leaders of the Third Reich, is located just meters from the famous Brandenburg Gate, in what were once the gardens of the former Reich Chancellery. This was the place where on April 30, 1945 Hitler took his own life, beset by the constant bombardment of the enemy artillery and the Soviet troops that were already fighting in the capital, which assured a sure defeat for German.
Although on the surface you can only see an information plate in a parking lot of a group of houses, about 8 meters underground the bunker is still almost intact, since attempts to dynamit it, little damage could be done to its walls
almost four meters thick, built in concrete and steel. Since the end of the war the doors of this bunker were closed with concrete and since then no one could enter, forever hiding its secrets.
In the Jewish quarter Berlin we will meet Block der Frauen or “Women’s Block”, a monument that honors women who fought for the release of their husbands unjustly detained for simply belonging to the Jewish community during the dark years of the Nazism. A memorial that recalls the resistance of the Berlin people to Nazism and the Jewish Holocaust.
This monument tells us the story of the last great attack on the Jewish community in Berlin by the Nazis in 1943, when the arrest of 1,800 men was ordered to take them to Auswitch. These men were considered “privileged” Jews, a category that until then was exempt from deportation and other anti-Semitic norms because they were married to German women.
After their arrest, their wives and other close relatives demonstrated in the streets defying Nazi authorities for almost a week. These peaceful manifestations of women came to gather a total of about 6,000 people at the same time. Achieving unprecedentedly that the members of the SS released the prisoners.
This colossal bunker of almost 6,500m² was built in 1942 for the protection of the civilian population of Berlin in case of air strikes. Its construction was carried out in just one year thanks to the use of thousands of forced workers.
Today it is a tourist attraction with a museum even called “Berlin Story Bunker”, where guided tours are made inside, where we can learn about its history, as well as other historical exhibitions. Here we can see what daily life was like in confinement, the plans for its use and its actual use during World War II, in addition to what happened to the bunker after the War. Although undoubtedly one of his most interesting exhibitions is the one that recreates Hitler’s personal room in neighboring Führerbunker, the one where the dictator took his own life.
On the outskirts of Berlin we can still see the remains of the former Nazi concentration camp in Sachsenhausen. This terror center was built in 1936 to massively confine and liquidate political opponents, Jews, gypsies and homosexuals, as well as prisoners of war and in their last days Jehovah’s Witnesses. It is estimated that approximately 30,000 prisoners were killed within the camp, which served as a test model for what will be replicated in other concentration camps in the rest of Europe occupied during the war.
After the war, Sachsenhausen expanded into a system of around 60 subfields, which provided slave workers to the entire armament industries of Berlin, as well as providing forced workers for the city’s infrastructure works, such as the construction of air raid shelters. .
Once the war was over, Sachsenhausen was left in the hands of the Soviet army which would make it the special Field number 7 of the NKVD. In a twist of destiny this former camp would become a prison for the alleged collaborators of the Nazis within the civilian population, such as Nazi government officials and former German military., Until it was finally closed in 1950.