A work that belongs to the orientalist stage of Gaudí, a period in which the architect performs a series of works of marked oriental taste, inspired by the art of the Near and Far East (India, Persia, Japan), as well as in Hispanic Islamic art .
Built in 1890, this building commissioned by Eusebi Güell, who was one of the most important industrialists in Catalonia. The building was originally composed of a basement for stables, ground floor with hall, porter, garage and various service areas, mezzanine for the administrative area, noble floor for the social area, second floor for the private area (bedrooms, bathrooms), third with the service area, the kitchen, the space dedicated to laundry, and its roof.
Address:3-5 Nou de la Rambla Street
Casa Batlló is considered the highest representative of Catalan modernism. It is located in the so-called Apple of Discord, because it also houses other works by modernist architects.
In fact Gaudí built in 1903 this original building from 1875, focusing on the facade, the main floor, the patio of lights and the roof, and raised a fifth floor for the services of the house. The house can be explored inside and there is a very interesting smartphone augmented reality application recommended for visitors. There are also dramatized visits in which “Gaudí himself” appears telling us his secrets!
Address: Passeig de Gràcia, 43
It began to be built by Gaudí in 1898 and finished 1900, that same year he received the First Prize of the first edition of the annual Contest of artistic buildings in Barcelona.
The building was made for a textile manufacturer and served both for the business, to which the ground floor and basement were destined, as well as for homes, located on the upper floors – the main one, of the owner, much more luxurious. Many of the experts in Gaudí’s work consider Casa Calvet as the most conservative work of the architect.
Address: Calle de Casp, 48
The park has an area of 17.18 hectares, Gaudí insisted on achieving a perfect integration of his works in nature. Proof of this are the columns constructed of stones of very variable sizes and shapes, which suggest tree trunks, stalactites and natural caves. Right angles do not appear anywhere: the columns are inclined like palm trees. When Gaudí took over the project, the area was deforested, so he ordered new vegetation to be planted.
When visiting the enclosure of the Park Güell, you will be able to travel the Rosary Trail, you will find the Gaudí House-Museum, the architect’s place of residence from 1906 to 1925, a few months before his death. The museum has a wide collection of works by Gaudí and some of his collaborators, distributed over three floors.
Address: Carretera del Carmel, no. 23.
Casa Mila, popularly called La Pedrera, this modernist building was built between 1906 and 1910. It was commissioned by the Milà marriage, for use as a personal residence on the top floor and the rest as rental apartments.
This building is a reflection of Gaudí’s artistic fullness: It belongs to its naturalist stage (first decade of the twentieth century), a period in which the architect perfects his personal style, drawing inspiration from the organic forms of nature, for which he put into practice a whole series of new structural solutions originated in the deep Gaudí’s analysis of ruled geometry.
The Vicens House is a modernist building, being the first project of importance of the architect Antoni Gaudí after his degree as an architect in 1878. It was built between 1883 and 1888. And since July 2005, Casa Vicens was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
The Vicens house is structured on four levels or floors, corresponding to an underground to be used as a cellar, two floors for housing and some attics for service use. The abundant use of ceramics on the facade gives the building a strong color, being one of the essential characteristics of the construction. This gives it a peculiar air, reminiscent of some Arab constructions.
Address: Calle carrer carolines, 24.
Clearly we leave the main course for last. The Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia, is the greatest work of the Catalan architect, this monumental building began to be built in 1882 and is still under construction.
The temple, when finished, will have 18 towers: four on each of the three facades and, as a dome, a system of six towers will be arranged, with a 170-meter high central tower, another four around it , and another tower dedicated to the Virgin. Both the exterior and the interior are solved with an original construction system based on ruled geometry.
In 1926, when Gaudí died, only one tower had been built. Only plans and a plaster model that were badly damaged during the Civil War were preserved from the building project. However, since then the works have continued without interruption: the portals of the Birth and Passion are now finished, and that of Glory has begun; all the interior space has been covered, and the bases of the six central towers have been laid.
To visit the interior of this temple is to make a trip to the creative world of Gaudí, a place where lights, volumes and shapes are the protagonists of its impressive decorations.